Applications often target different platforms, from smartphones and tablets to wearables. Writing unique code for each is repetitive and time-consuming, but hybrid app development can cut out this monotony.
You can write a hybrid app using a framework, then store it in native containers, and make deploy native apps on different platforms.
These frameworks are becoming increasingly popular for hybrid app development, and here are some of the best.
React Native has the attractive ability to instantly reflect the changes you make to your application. This is unlike most other development applications that require you to recompile code or relaunch the app.
React Native may not be the perfect framework for some interfaces, like those with dynamic, complex, or advanced designs. These intricacies may be crucial to the makeup of the app you are developing. There’s also a limit to the custom models available for your use, requiring you to build some things from scratch yourself.
Still, React Native’s reduced development time and its compatibility with third-party apps makes it worth the effort to learn.
Used to power millions of powerful apps for organizations like NHS and Southwest Airlines, Ionic is a leading hybrid app toolkit. It allows you to develop hybrid mobile apps for multiple platforms using a single code base.
Another advantage of Ionic is the set of extras it includes to power your app. Features like a camera, GPS, and health kits can help to increase your app’s functionality set. You can also test every component while you’re writing code, to facilitate early bug or error detection.
Ionic contains an impressive set of responsive widgets. These guarantee a flexible user experience and will save you time and effort during development too.
Sadly, one of the biggest limitations of Ionic is that its apps are heavily dependent on native plugins. These aim to achieve performance comparable with native apps, but they’re not available in every instance. This means you might struggle to find the applicable plugins; you may even have to develop one yourself.
Xamarin is natively compiled, making its relatively recent entry into the market a significant one. Developing a high-performance app with this framework will allow it to keep its native look and feel. Xamarin was a community project until Microsoft acquired it in 2016. It has since become a popular tool for developing apps in the Microsoft ecosystem.
It uses the C# language, and other native libraries from the .NET layer for app development. Xamarin deploys native libraries to high-end apps for different platforms without sacrificing performance. Compared to some of the more popular hybrid frameworks, it provides a significantly better user experience.
One of Xamarin’s limitations is its performance shortcomings, especially compared to native apps. Consequently, it may not be the best choice for really complex apps. The hot reload feature is also unavailable in this framework, so some features may not update on some platforms in real time.
Regardless of these limitations, Xamarin is a good choice for your hybrid development needs. It has strong support, resources, and comprehensiveness, giving your application a close-to-native performance.
According to Google, Flutter aims for native-like performance while giving you control of your app’s components through an intuitive UI toolkit.
Flutter features plugin libraries and innovative user interfaces to facilitate the native experience. Moreover, Flutter has a wider audience reach as its use is not limited to Android or iOS applications.
Flutter’s app builder enables you to mix and match features. With its hotloader feature, you can make instant changes as you debug your code, easing the development process.
Flutter may be tricky for beginners, as it uses Dart, which is not a popular language for app development. Also, the built-in widgets make its apps very weighty, and the absence of third-party libraries means extra coding.
Nevertheless, Flutter remains an attractive option, with top-notch UI elements. These range from font options to widgets that improve the overall app performance and user experience.
NativeScript is a popular framework thanks to its excellent features and overall performance. Its compatibility with recent mobile versions, up-to-date resource library, and command-line interface further cement its usefulness.
An attractive feature of NativeScript is that it makes updates to your app in real time without you needing to refresh. Unlike most other hybrid frameworks, NativeScript does not use web technology.
The framework contains features to ensure a hassle-free experience, making it a popular choice for developers. It’s not only feature-rich but also easy to use and cost-effective.
Due to its extra features, you can build fast, flexible, native-like apps and also have access to third-party plugins and toolboxes.
The features of this framework are similar to Ionic, including native-like widgets, tabs, reorderable lists, and so on.
Apache Cordova has two workflow methods and a cross-platform workflow method (CLI). This enables your application to run on different mobile operating systems.
The CLI also has a unique interface that helps you apply plugins to your app. However, the platform-centered workflow helps you build a single platform app first, then modify it into a less complex form.
Choosing the Best Framework for You
The top hybrid frameworks have unique selling points suited for different purposes. For example, the major allure of NativeScript is that you do not need to have prior knowledge of how to run iOS and Android platforms.
As a result, you should carefully consider the special features of each framework together with your own needs. You might want to consider factors like concurrent testing, compatibility, downsides, and cost to choose the framework that’s right for you.